Qala’at Al-Bahrain
(Bahrain Fort)

Qala’at Al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort)

Qala’at Al-Bahrain site is one the most significant historical and heritage sites in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The site embodies several important phases in the Kingdom’s history, from 2,300 B.C. up to the 16th century A.D.

The site is comprised of the historic Qala’at Al-Bahrain and the ancient city adjacent to it. The fort lies atop a 12-meter high sandy hill overlooking the sea. Surrounding the fort and ancient city are several palm groves.

Qala’at Al-Bahrain is the first of two sites in Bahrain to be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage sites. The site was registered as a World Heritage Site in 2007, followed by the Pearling Trail site in 2012.

The ancient city which lies next to the fort is one of the oldest human settlements in the GCC region, and contains several layers of buildings built atop one another, each representing a specific historical era.

The settlement, discovered in the 1970’s by a French archaeological expedition, served as the capital of the Dilmun Civilization which settled in Bahrain in the 3rd century B.C., as well as its main harbor.

Due to the site’s importance and continued archaeological discoveries on its grounds, the Ministry of Culture established a dedicated museum near the fort in 2008 to document the story of this place.

The museum has a number of exhibition halls which showcase the discoveries made at the Qala’at Al-Bahrain site, as well as a café which offers a picturesque view of the beach and the fort in the distance.

Bahrain Map