Fabric weaving is one of the ancient traditional crafts with deep roots in the history of the Kingdom of Bahrain as it has been known to man and passed on from generation to generation. It has managed to meet most of the population needs of clothes and other requirements where fabric threads are used.

The textile industry was wide spread in certain villages, such as Abu Saybi, Dar Kulayb and Makabah. Thereafter, the industry was restricted to Bani Jamrah village which in the past hosted close to a hundred factories that employed almost all residents of the village.              

These factories were nothing but modest huts of palm fronds where the weaver and his family members would seek refuge from the heat of the sun. Their village was a bustling market which people frequented to buy their requirements, and their fabrics were exported to the various Gulf regions.

The weaving machines are considered highly complex manual tools where wooden panels, bamboo and some fine threads and ropes are used. They are manufactured to exacting engineering specifications that would render the machine usable for a long period of time without any damage, though they may require maintenance from time to time.

The fabric weaving itself is a fast, meticulous and highly precise process that requires a great deal of mental and physical coordination as the weaver uses both his hands and legs and distributes and overlaps the threads into each other in a systematic and coordinated manner. The weaver would weave from three to five meters a day.

Cotton threads, which are predominantly red and black, are used in the process. Also wool and silk threads are used.
A Bahraini weaver would weave many of the men’s garbs, such as azar, ghutar (head dresses), bisht (cloaks) as well as female dresses. The weavers also weave boat sails and mats which are used as carpets.

Al Jasra Handicrafts Centre is awash with locally made fabric products, such as shawls and other, which are very popular among tourists owing to their beauty and strength.

Muharraq Capital of Islamic Culture 2018 museumsinarabia.com