Hall of
Tylos and Islam

Hall of Tylos and Islam

In the 2nd century BC, Bahrain - thereafter referred to as Tylos - became part of the emerging Hellenistic empire and regained contact with major international trade. The former heart of the Dilmun culture remained a prosperous realm on the path of trade to the north and witnessed an exceptional phase of prosperity under the tutelage of the Seleucid Empire in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC and later within the Characene kingdom. The distinguished glass vessels, glazed pottery, alabaster containers and fine jewellery on display attest to the complexity of Tylos’ trade network. In particular, the funerary stelea reflect the craftsmanship of local sculptors.

The Islamic section highlights the important episodes in the history of Bahrain from the 7th century to the 18th century AD. The artifacts from Al-Khamis mosque, one of the oldest mosques in Bahrain and the Arabian Gulf, take centre stage. The beautiful Kufic inscriptions and timber beams are complemented by ceramics, glass and metal objects.